The Guppy is one of the most popular freshwater tropical fish species. They are easy to keep so beginners can keep them.
In this guide, you will learn: how to care for them, Their diet, habitat and tank mates, and more.
|Colour Form:||Every colour is imaginable.|
|LIfespan:||Up to 2 years.|
|Minimum Tank Size:||5 Gallons.|
|Tank Setup:||Freshwater: Plants, and substrate.|
|Compatibility:||Other peaceful community fish.|
Overview of Guppy
They are tropical freshwater fish native to South America. They belong to the Poeciliidae family. Poecilia wingei is also known as an Endler Guppy they are also part of the Poeciliidae family. They are related to common guppy (Poecilia reticulata). In this guide, we will be discussing the common Guppy (Poecilia reticulata).
There are almost 300 varieties of guppies. They are all come in different types of colours, sizes, and tail shapes. They are also known by other names such as The Millions Fish (because of their incredible breeding rate) and The Rainbow Fish (because of their wide variety of colours).
The Appearance of Guppy
They come in many different colours and sizes, with different shaped tails too. In the wild, you can see grey females. Males have colourful stripes, spots, or splashes in a wide range of colours. There are so many aquarium varieties. Even today, there are still new varieties being introduced.
Females are typically bigger than males. The male’s average size is between 0.6-1.4 Inches. Females can grow up to 1.2-2.4 Inches.
They come in almost every colour imaginable, which is where they get the nickname Rainbow Fish. The top and upper half of the body is normally paler colour, and the rear part is usually a brighter or more vivid colour.
Some varieties can also look metallic. They have iridophores which are cells that do not have colour and reflect light which creates an iridescent effect.
Some of them are solid in colour, others have a pattern over their body colour. Examples:
- Cobra: Vertical barring and rosettes.
- Snakeskin: Chain-link pattern and rosettes.
- Tuxedo: Front and back half and two different colors.
The tail can also be either a solid colour or patterned. Examples:
- Grass; Tiny dots which look like grass.
- Lace: Fine web-like pattern.
- Leopard: Spots that look like leopard spots.
- Mosaic: Irregular spots that connect to each other.
You can find a wide variety of tail shapes too including:
- Triangular shaped.
- Flag shaped.
- Spade shaped.
- Spear shaped.
The Behavior of Guppy
They are peaceful fish that like to be kept in groups. They are good and active swimmers and pretty much move around all the time. Sometimes you will see the males chasing the females trying to impress them by wiggling their fins.
If you notice that your fish is constantly hiding, it could be an indication that they are stressed or ill.
The Tank Requirements of Guppy
They are native to the warm freshwater of South America. You can keep them in a 5-gallon tank but most people choose a 10-gallon tank to keep Guppies. They are warm water fish so you have to use a heater to warm the water.
Keep the temperature between 75oF-82oF. Place your heater at one end of the tank, and a thermometer at the other end to check that the water is heated through consistently. The ideal pH is 7.0-7.2
A hang-on back filter will be fine for most setups. For a larger tank (bigger than 50 gallons) you might want to consider using an external canister filter.
Diet of Guppy
They are omnivores which means they will eat both plants/vegetables and meats. Their main diet should be quality fish flakes. Make sure to choose a product that is high protein and not filler foods.
You should them once or twice a day, and only an amount of food which they can eat within 2 minutes. Do not leave leftovers in your tank. This will break your tank water chemistry.
Tankmates for Guppy
They are peaceful fish, the most common tank mates for Guppy are more Guppies. You can keep one Guppy per 2 gallons of water.
You can keep them with other peaceful fish such as:
- Ghost shrimps.
Do not house them with larger aggressive species.