The Flowerhorn Cichlid is very vivid in color. This freshwater fish has a unique appearance with beautiful coloration. If you are looking for large fish. You may consider getting this fish for your aquarium. They have bright coloration and patterns combination. You can not miss this even in the crowded aquarium. They have a noticeable hump that makes them stand out even in the crowd.
In this care guide, we will learn everything about Flowerhorn Cichlid, Tank size, Water Parameters, Care, Size, Lifespan, Food & diet. Prepare yourself for learning something new.
|Temperament:||Moderate to aggressive.|
|Color Form:||Blue, Purple, Green, Reddish & many more.|
|Lifespan:||Up to 10 Years.|
|Size:||Up to16 inches.|
|Minimum Tank Size:||75 gallons.|
|Tank Set-Up:||Freshwater, Planted.|
|pH:||7.0 to 8.0|
|Hardness:||8 to 20 dgH.|
|Temperature:||78 to 84oF (25 to 29oC)|
Overview of Flowerhorn Cichlid
Those fish first occurred in Thailand, Taiwan, and Malaysia. This species quickly become popular in other parts of the world.
The Flowerhorn Cichlid is man-made species. They were selectively bred by Cichlid hobbyists. This means you can not find any other fish like Flowerhorn Cichlid. Their closest relatives are South African Cichlids.
You can find these fish in the wild but they are not meant to be there. Those fish are released by people into the wild. They quickly adapt to the wild habitat and become invasive species in several countries.
The demand for this fish is still going high over time. The breeders are fetching high prices for this fish.
The Appearance of Flowerhorn Cichlid
The Flowerhorn Cichlid has a tall and thin body with a relatively symmetrical appearance. The dorsal and anal fins stretch to the base of their tail. The defining features are their bulged head also known as nuchal hump or Kok.
Their anal and dorsal fins are long. The tail is short and almost round. Their pectoral fins are almost transparent and shorter than all other fins. They have planted eyes.
They have lots of variety ranging from golden to fiery red to light purple.
Average Size of Flowerhorn Cichlid
They can grow up to 12 to 16 inches in length. The females are typically smaller than the male.
Please be aware of the size of this fish when buying your tank. Bigger fish does not only means more space form, but it will affect everything in your tank, starting from tank size, feeding, plantation, tank mates.
Lifespan of Flowerhorn Cichlid
The average lifespan of them is around 11-12 years. They live a long period and that is something to consider before buying.
You should also keep in mind, their lifespan can shift depending on the quality of care you provide and how suitable their tank conditions are. They are not very difficult to take care of as long as you manage their potential aggression.
Behavior of Flowerhorn Cichlid
They are typical Cichlids, which means they are also aggressive and territorial in behavior. They are not schooling fish. So, make sure to provide enough space for your fish.
They tend to move up and down the water column rather than just stay in a particular layer in the tank.
Tank Requirements of Flowerhorn Cichlid
They are not wild fish. So, you can not determine their natural habitat. They are bred in captivity ever since they are introduced in fishkeeping. They prefer slow-moving basins with sheltered areas. They also like live plants.
The minimum tank size for one Flowerhorn Cichlid is 75 gallons. Those fish like to swim around the tank. So, make sure you provide enough space for your fish.
You should not add two fish to 75 gallons tank. For every fish, you have to expand to 75 gallons more.
Flowerhorn Cichlids are sensitive to water quality. Maintaining the water quality should be essential.
- Water Temperature: 78oF to 86oF
- pH Levels: 7 to 8
- Water hardness: 8 to 20 dgH
Diet of Flowerhor Cichlid
They are not a picky eater and are also omnivorous. They will eat everything you put in the tank. Most of their diet should be rich in protein foods. You can give pre-made foods like bloodworms, dried crickets, grasshopper, shrimp. You should also use plant-based foods like readymade leafy foods.
You should feed them two times a day. They should finish their food in between 1 to 2 minutes. If there is extra food lying around remove that food, try to reduce the food amount you give.
Tankmates for Flowerhorn Cichlid
The Cichlid are also known for their aggression, Flowerhoer Cichlid is no exception to this. The safest option should be to keep them alone. Some aquarists keep a pair of them but keep in mind, you will need at least 160 gallons tank. They are also happy when there are no tank mates.
The best tank mates for this fish should be one of their own kind. Other than that, you can add some fishes listed below:
You should also avoid aquarium invertebrates like shrimp and snails. They will get eaten as soon as you add them to your tank.